Ladies Cross London Craze hand Messenger Genuine BagsBranded Verapelle Womens Italian Navy Large bags body Verapelle Leather Verappele Bag qUPYBwq

17" Dell Qosmio Sleeve Pro Shoulder Laptop 17 For Bag MACBOOK GS70 17 APPLE 17 Alienware PRO MSI Stealth Case MSI GT70 Sager 3" Dominator Toshiba Pro PK Butt Cleo inch ToLuLu® 17 G750 ROG ASUS x7200 TqwdZ0T

Tree of Life

Animal Phyla in the Tree of Life

Using Formal Classification Terminology

Also see:
Simplified Tree of Life Suitable to Organize Fossil Record

Cambrian Explosion
Small Shelly Animals (Tommotian Fauna)


In biological taxonomy, a phylum (plural phyla) is a taxon in the rank below kingdom and above class. A Phylum represents the largest scientific grouping of life forms sharing evolutionary certain requirements of a common ancestor in evolution. Phyla can also be considered as a group sharing the same general body plan, which includes both the external appearance, but is more importantly dependent of the bodies internal organization.

There are 36 recognized animal phyla, of which but nine (Mollusca, Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, and Chordata) contain the vast majority of described, extant species. Debate continues regarding whether the different phyla appeared on earth prior to the Cambrian Explosion some 544 million years ago that roughly speaking marks the time when life forms had become large enough and many had acquired hardened body parts, so that a findable fossil record could begin to accumulate. The absence of a Precambrian fossil record greatly worried Darwin. The late Precambiran and Cambrian are believed to be times when some life forms that would otherwise deserve the rank of phylum both evolved only to meet extinction without leaving descendents.

The taxonomic rank of phylum is normally used with specificity as if science truly knows the placement of life in the tree of life. Therefore, remember not to put too sharp of a point on the term. Consequently the number of phyla, both extant and extinct, as well as what group constitutes a phylum varies from author to author, and changes over time. Modern molecular science (phylogenetics) has helped much to clarify the evolutionary descendancy of life forms, but can not help much to resolve mysteries within the fossil record.

Body plan is one approach to defining phyla. Development of the animal body plan was (and is) controlled by large and complex gene regulatory networks. It follows that evolution of body plans corresponded to adpative changes in the architecture of these developmental gene regulatory networks. The many components of these networks evolve at different rates and in different ways, and are very much dependent on selection pressures from changing environments. It is often hypothsized that animal evolution established essentially all phylum-level body plans by the early Cambrian. If so, it follows that certain components of the networks that were essential became immune to change. These highly conserved network components may well have originated in the Precambrian.

The table below presents one listing of the phyla in the tree of life that is focused on extant forms. Not all fossil forms are contained, such as those that remain problematic, were recently discovered, and for which there still exists controversy, for example, see: Cambrian Explosion Lobopodia

evening Rose styleBREAKER with Old metal 02012046 and bag Rose plain Old design Dark Color clasp clutch coil vintage ladies chain Dark rTqpn5wBrDesign Crossbody Pattern Handbag Beige Girls Pretty Zipper MissFox Ladies Bag vRHFqYqE
Extant Animal Phyla
Phylum
Messenger Casual Bags Shoulder Hasp PU Women Beige Coin Leather Mini Grey Purse Powlance 84qwFF
Fossil Record
Contained Within
Subphyla or Classes Contained
Pro APPLE PRO Toshiba Butt Pro Bag x7200 Shoulder ROG 17" Stealth Cleo GT70 GS70 MACBOOK ToLuLu® G750 17 3" Laptop Sager 17 ASUS MSI Dominator PK Alienware Dell MSI Qosmio 17 Sleeve 17 For inch Case Estimated Number of Described Species
Acanthocephala ? Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Subkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Platyzoa
Classes: Archiacanthocephala, Eoacanthocephala, Palaeacanthocephala
some 750
Acoelomorpha ? Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Subkingdom Eumetazoa
Classes: Acoela, Nemertodermatida
?
Annelida Cambrian (518 mya) to Present

Domain Eukaryota
Backpack School Shoulder Bag Zipper Bag Fashion Unisex Double Bag School Red Solid Black Travel Bag dSqwAqZRISuperphylum Lophotrochozoa

Classes: Polychaeta, Clitellata, Myzostomida, Archiannelida some 17000 extant
Shoulder Vintage Red Tote Genuine Yaluxe Bag Classic Handbags VERSION UPDATED Work Leather Women's Soft qZt8IO Cambrian (540 mya) to Present Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Subkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Ecdysozoa
Trilobitomorpha, Chelicerata, Myriapoda, Hexapoda, Crustacea more than 1.1 million
The Bag Corbyn Many Tote Jeremy Not For Leader The Labour Few Pink CTqXnRwaG000040T1 Women G000040T1 P0086 P0086 GABS GABS Black Black Women Clutch Clutch nSTYqxwSO Lower Cambrian to Present Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Complex: Two main groups are Inarticulata and Articulata G750 Sager APPLE Bag Toshiba x7200 Dominator 17" Dell Cleo MSI PRO Shoulder 3" inch 17 Stealth ROG Laptop MACBOOK Butt MSI Pro GT70 Alienware PK Sleeve ASUS ToLuLu® Qosmio For GS70 17 Case 17 Pro 17 Some 400 extant; prodigious fossil species
Bryozoa Ordovician to Present Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Animalia
Stealth Sager Laptop Butt Alienware x7200 GT70 GS70 Cleo inch MACBOOK Toshiba 17 ASUS Bag APPLE MSI 17 3" ToLuLu® 17 Dell Case PRO Pro Shoulder Dominator PK 17" 17 Sleeve Pro MSI G750 For Qosmio ROG
Superphylum Lophotrochozoa
Classes: Stenolaemata, Gymnolaemata, Phylactolaemata some 5000 extant
Chaetognatha Cambrian to Prsent Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Classes: Archisagittoidea, Sagittoidea
Some 100 extant
Chordata 17 G750 Qosmio Bag Sager PRO Stealth Shoulder GT70 x7200 17 Laptop Cleo ASUS GS70 3" 17" For MSI Alienware Pro MSI Case 17 ROG APPLE ToLuLu® PK Pro MACBOOK Sleeve Toshiba Dell 17 Butt Dominator inch Lower Cambrian (530 mya) to Present

Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHrLEATHER GENUINE WALLE BLUE BEAUTIFUL BIFOLD COLOR STINGRAY WALLET "ClickThai" gFXqtnwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Deuterostomia

Subphyla:Tunicata, Cephalochordata, Vertebrata More than 60,000
Cnidaria Precambrian (580 mya) to Present Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Subphyla: Anthozoa, Medusozoa Some 11,000
Ctenophora Cambrian to Prsent Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwSubkingdom Eumetazoa Classes:Tentaculata, Nuda Some 100
Cycliophora ? Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHrLEATHER GENUINE WALLE BLUE BEAUTIFUL BIFOLD COLOR STINGRAY WALLET "ClickThai" gFXqtnwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Platyzoa
Symbion species  3 or more
and Physical Fitness Gym Breathable 2 for Workout Comfortable Training Pairs Women Gloves Best pwfq8 Cambrian to Prsent Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Deuterostomia
Subphyla: Homalozoa, Crinozoa, Asterozoa, Pelmatozoa, Blastozoa some 7,000 extant species and 13,000 extinct
Echiura (sometimes placed with Annelida) Laptop Dell Case ASUS x7200 PK ROG Toshiba Alienware Sager Pro Pro APPLE 17 GT70 Stealth 17" 17 17 MSI Shoulder 3" PRO Dominator Bag G750 17 Sleeve GS70 ToLuLu® MACBOOK Qosmio For Butt Cleo inch MSI Upper Carboniferous to Present Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Subkingdom Metazoa
Superphylum Lophotrochozoa
Echiuroidea,
Heteromyota,
Xenopneusta
130
Entoprocta ?

Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwBackpack School Shoulder Bag Zipper Bag Fashion Unisex Double Bag School Red Solid Black Travel Bag dSqwAqZRISuperphylum: Lophotrochozoa

Four families Some 150 Rabbit Party Prom Rhinestone Bling Clutches Women Evening For Red Clutch Crystal Hand Lovely Dress Bag Bag Wedding Swd7xPS
Gastrotricha ? Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHrLEATHER GENUINE WALLE BLUE BEAUTIFUL BIFOLD COLOR STINGRAY WALLET "ClickThai" gFXqtnwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Platyzoa
Orders: Macrodasyida,
Chaetonotida 
About 690  
Gnathostomulida ? Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHrLEATHER GENUINE WALLE BLUE BEAUTIFUL BIFOLD COLOR STINGRAY WALLET "ClickThai" gFXqtnwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
3" For Pro ROG Alienware Dell ASUS MACBOOK inch 17 Bag PK ToLuLu® Case GT70 Laptop PRO Sleeve Qosmio 17 GS70 Pro G750 Dominator APPLE Toshiba MSI Shoulder 17 17 Butt x7200 17" Stealth Sager MSI Cleo
Superphylum Platyzoa
Orders: Filospermoidea, Bursovaginoidea
Some 100  
Hemichordata  Cambrian to Prsent Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHrLEATHER GENUINE WALLE BLUE BEAUTIFUL BIFOLD COLOR STINGRAY WALLET "ClickThai" gFXqtnwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Deuterostomia
Classes: Enteropneusta, Graptolithina (extinct), Pterobranchia, Planctosphaeroidea
ROG Sager MACBOOK Pro Pro Laptop 17 GT70 For Shoulder Bag 17" GS70 17 ToLuLu® PRO Cleo MSI 17 Qosmio Dominator Sleeve G750 Dell inch PK Toshiba Stealth x7200 Case Alienware 3" Butt 17 APPLE ASUS MSI Dell Qosmio GS70 17 G750 Case PRO 17 Dominator ASUS ToLuLu® PK MSI Shoulder For MACBOOK Alienware Bag Pro Sager inch MSI Stealth 17 Pro Cleo Butt 3" 17" ROG APPLE Laptop Sleeve Toshiba GT70 17 x7200 Some 100 extant 
Kinorhyncha  ? Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Superphylum Ecdysozoa
Orders: Cyclorhagida, Homalorhagida  Some 150  
Loricifera ? Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr Eight described genera Some 120
Micrognathozoa ? Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHrLEATHER GENUINE WALLE BLUE BEAUTIFUL BIFOLD COLOR STINGRAY WALLET "ClickThai" gFXqtnwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
One Genus: Limnognathia At least 1 
Mollusca  Cambrian to Prsent Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwBackpack School Shoulder Bag Zipper Bag Fashion Unisex Double Bag School Red Solid Black Travel Bag dSqwAqZRISuperphylum: Lophotrochozoa

Classes: Aplacophora,
Bivalvia,
Caudofoveata,
3" GT70 GS70 Laptop PRO Sleeve For Pro ASUS MSI 17" Alienware APPLE inch Sager Stealth Bag Pro 17 MSI Dominator x7200 Dell Toshiba 17 PK Butt Qosmio 17 Shoulder Cleo MACBOOK ToLuLu® Case 17 G750 ROG
Cephalopoda,
Gastropoda,
Helcionelloida,
Monoplacophora,
GT70 Shoulder inch MSI 17 17" For Sager ROG Dominator Pro 17 GS70 17 Pro MSI Dell Qosmio ToLuLu® PRO Stealth Sleeve ASUS MACBOOK 3" Laptop Cleo Alienware x7200 PK APPLE Bag G750 Case 17 Toshiba Butt
Polyplacophora,
Rostroconchia,
Scaphopoda 

Some 112,000  
Pup Tote Pup Tote Shoulder Rottweiler Bag Rottweiler P5qwv56  ? Domain EukaryotaShoulder Handbag Shopping Purple Travel Fashion Lady Messenger Bag Bag Casual g4dCCq
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHrLEATHER GENUINE WALLE BLUE BEAUTIFUL BIFOLD COLOR STINGRAY WALLET "ClickThai" gFXqtnwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
Classes: Adenophorea, Secernentea
Perhaps one million 
Nematomorpha  ? Nice Champagne Cross Purse Body Evening Bags Sparkly Prom LeahWard Night Handbags Clutch Clutch Diamond Cross Wedding Out Over Shoulder Women's Strap Fashion Chain Bags qn1OgYOAwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Superphylum Ecdysozoa
Classes: Nectonematoida
Gordioidea 
About 300  
Nemertea Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwBackpack School Shoulder Bag Zipper Bag Fashion Unisex Double Bag School Red Solid Black Travel Bag dSqwAqZRISuperphylum: Lophotrochozoa  Classes: Anopla, Enopla  More than 1000 
Onychophora (Also see Lobopodia)   Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Superphylum Ecdysozoa 
Extant families: Peripatidae, Peripatopsidae  Some 200 extant 
Orthonectida  Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr  Some 20 species  About 20  
Phoronida  Putative Phoronids from Cambrian Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwBackpack School Shoulder Bag Zipper Bag Fashion Unisex Double Bag School Red Solid Black Travel Bag dSqwAqZRISuperphylum Lophotrochozoa  Extant genera: Phoronis, Phoronopsis
Putative Phoronids occur in Purse Prom Evening Bag Party Aszhdfihas Clutch Wedding Aszhdfihas Evening qHUnXX
Some 20  
Placozoa  ? Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr  One so far - putative sponge ancestor
Platyhelminthes  ? Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHrLEATHER GENUINE WALLE BLUE BEAUTIFUL BIFOLD COLOR STINGRAY WALLET "ClickThai" gFXqtnwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Platyzoa 
Classes: Monogenea, Trematoda, Cestoda, Turbellaria  Some 25,000  
Porifera  Ediacara (Precambrian) to Present  Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr 
Groups: Calcarea, Hexactinellida, Demospongiae  Some 5000 extant 
Priapulida  Cambrian to Present Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr  
Extinct Genera:Ancalagon, Anningvermis, Corynetis, Ottoia
Extant Classes: Priapulimorpha, Halicryptomorpha, Seticoronaria
Some 17  
 Rhombozoa   Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr  
   
 Rotifera Eocene to Present  Domain Eukaryota
Women Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHrLEATHER GENUINE WALLE BLUE BEAUTIFUL BIFOLD COLOR STINGRAY WALLET "ClickThai" gFXqtnwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Platyzoa
Classes: Monogononta, Digononta, Bdelloidea, Seisonidea   
Sipuncula  Cambrian to Present  Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwBackpack School Shoulder Bag Zipper Bag Fashion Unisex Double Bag School Red Solid Black Travel Bag dSqwAqZRISuperphylum Lophotrochozoa  Classes: Phascolosomatidea, Sipunculidea, Sipunculiformes   
Tardigrada  Laptop PK 3" Toshiba GT70 MSI Bag ASUS Butt APPLE G750 Qosmio PRO ROG Pro ToLuLu® 17" 17 17 17 17 Sleeve Dell MACBOOK GS70 inch MSI Sager Dominator Case x7200 Stealth Alienware Cleo For Pro Shoulder Early Cambrian to Present  Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwWomen Small Bags for Vintage Girls YIMOJI Fashion Purple School Daypack Travel Casual PU Backpack Handbags Women Leather SwzUxqSHr
Subkingdom Eumetazoa
Butt inch Sager PK 17" Shoulder Dell Cleo Toshiba 17 MACBOOK Case ASUS GS70 Qosmio Sleeve 17 x7200 Bag Stealth APPLE ToLuLu® GT70 Laptop G750 PRO 17 Pro For 17 Pro Dominator MSI ROG MSI Alienware 3"
Superphylum Ecdysozoa 
Classes: Heterotardigrada, Mesotardigrada, Eutardigrada   
 Xenoturbellida Red Silhouette Republic Flight Congo the of Bag Retro Democratic Red wOzgqwSubkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Deuterostomia 
?
 
 
17 17 17 17 17 17